Term 2

LG 654


Prof. Peter L. Patrick

Dept. of Language & Linguistics

University of Essex




Class meets in room: 5B.105

Office hours (Spring '99): Thur 1:15-2:15

Class day/time: Thurs 11:00-1:00

and Fri 11:15-12:15

My office: Rm 3.310a, tel.: 87.2088



This is the second half of a year-long course. For course aims, expected learning outcomes, teaching methods & expectations of students, please see the course description for term 1. Below you can read about Course Assessment, the Readings and the Calendar.


Course Assessment:

There are two principal components. The first is the individual project that was begun in Term 1, and for which you have already turned in an Abstract and Plan. You are required to meet with me in Weeks 15 or 16 of this term to report on progress, and then make a final

    1. Oral Report on Project in Week 20,
    2. the nature of which will be spelled out further but which will include either a handout and talk in conference format or a poster presentation.

      The second component is the cumulative

    3. Final Research Report (fully assessed) - due first Friday of Term 3,

which will expand on the format handed in Week 11 by adding the results of the various tasks conducted during this second term, subject to the usual revision. Once again, tasks will be handed in directly to me in class for feedback, ungraded, and may then be revised for inclusion in the final Report, which will be fully assessed for a mark at the end of term. General comments about work responsibilities in the Term 1 course description apply here.



Readings for LG 654 Term 2:


As in Term 1, I have aimed to provide you with a list of important and useful works, but it is not expected that you read them all this term. Only some are essential to the course, and these are asterisked (*) below or will be mentioned in class.

This is not a literature-survey course. The object is for you to become familiar with principal issues and methods in the field, not to master the literature. Clearly, however, those who wish to do further research themselves, e.g. a Ph.D. dissertation using a particular approach or on a particular topic covered here, will need to master the literature. In that case you should start by reading everything here-- be aware that there's much more! It depends on your particular goals.


Brown, Roger and Albert Gilman. 1960. "The pronouns of power and solidarity." In Giglioli,

ed.: 252-282.

*Davis, Lawrence. 1990. Statistics in Dialectology. Tuscaloosa: U. Alabama Press.

Edwards, Jane A. and Martin D. Lampert, eds., Talking Data: Transcription and Coding in

Discourse Research. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

*Edwards, Jane A. 1993. "Principles and contrasting systems of discourse transcription." In

Edwards and Lampert, eds.: 3-31.

Fasold, Ralph. 1990. The Sociolinguistics of Language.

Finegan, Edward. 1994. Language: Structure and Use.

Giglioli, Pier Paolo, ed. 1972. Language and Social Context. London: Penguin.

*Guy, Gregory R. 1993. "The quantitative analysis of linguistic variation." In Preston, ed.:


*Kretzschmar, William A., Jr., and Edgar W. Schneider. 1996. Introduction to Quantitative

Analysis of Linguistic Survey Data: An Atlas by the Numbers. London: Sage.

Lampert, Martin D. and Susan M. Ervin-Tripp. 1993. "Structured coding for the study of

language and social interaction." In Edwards and Lampert, eds.: 169-206.

Poplack, Shana. 1993. "Variation theory and language contact: Concepts, methods, and data."

In Preston, ed.: 251-286.

Preston, Dennis R., ed. 1993. American Dialect Research. Amsterdam: J. Benjamins.

Romaine, Suzanne. 1994. Language in Society. Longman. Ch. 5, Linguistic change in social

perspective, pps. 148-157.

*Sankoff, David. 1987. "Variable Rules." In U. Ammon, N. Dittmar & K.J. Mattheier, eds.,

Sociolinguistics: An international handbook of the science of language and society,

Vol. I: 984-997.

*Shopen, Timothy and Benji Wald. 1981. "A Research Guide to (-ING)." In T. Shopen & J.

Williams, eds. (1981), Style and Variables in English.

*Tannen, Deborah. 1989. You Just Don't Understand. London: Virago.

Tannen, Deborah. 1989. "Interpreting interruption in conversation." In D. Tannen, ed., (1994),

Gender and Discourse. Oxford University Press, 53-83.

*Wallgren, A., B. Wallgren, R. Persson, U. Jorner, and J. Haaland. 1996. Graphing Statistics

and Data: Creating Better Charts. London: Sage Publications.

R Young and R Bayley, 1996. "VarbRul analysis for second language acquisition research."

In Bayley, Robert, and Dennis R. Preston, eds. 1996. Second Language Acquisition

and Linguistic Variation. Amsterdam: J. Benjamins.




Calendar for LG 654 Term 2:


Week 11, Jan 21 Function & structure in address; Social dimensions of Address Forms.

readings: (Optional) Fasold 1990, Romaine 1994, Brown & Gilman 1960.

assignment: Qualitative data collection/analysis: Address Forms [Due Week 14]

Due in class: Final research report from Term 1.


Week 12, Jan 28 Basics of graphic display. Really bad graphs; better ones. Basics of quantification

and exploratory data analysis. Tallies and summaries.

readings: Required. Wallgren et al., Chs. 2-5. Tukey 1977, Preface, Chs. 1 and 2.

Email notes from PLP: Quantifn.Notes (Optional: Quantfn.CA; Numbers.Long).

assignment: Visual display & spreadsheet tutorial. [Due Week 15]


Week 13, Feb 4 Conversation: structure, transcription. Male/female workplace interaction.

readings: Req: Tannen (1990), chaps. 6-8; Opt: Finegan 1994, Ch. 11 excerpt.

assignment: Workplace/legal consultation. [Due Week 16]

Due in class: Vernacular Index/Narrative Analysis II.


Week 14, Feb 11 Intro to statistics for dialectology. Basic concepts.

readings: Required. QALSD Chs. 1, 2 and 4. Davis 1990, Chs. 1, 2 and 3.

assignment: Record and transcribe a spontaneous conversation [Due Week 17]

Due in class: Address Forms


Week 15, Feb 18 Statistics for dialectology, II. Means, standard deviation, z, t-test.

readings: Required. Davis 1990 Ch. 4. QALS Ch. 5.

assignment: Stats exercises, bring to class next week. Meet w/me about Projects.

Due in class: Visual Display.


Week 16, Feb 25 Statistics for dialectology, III. Proportion test, chi-squared, correlations.

readings: Required. Davis 1990 Ch. 4.

assignment: Stats exercises, bring to class next week. Meet w/me about Projects.

Due in class: Workplace/legal consultation.


Week 17, Mar 4 Multivariate analysis: Intro to VarbRul.

readings: Required. Guy 1993. Sankoff 1987.

Due in class: Transcript of conversation.


Week 18, Mar 11 VarbRul practicum in lab.

readings: Required. Young & Bayley 1996; VarbRul documentation.


Week 19, Mar 18 Workshop VarbRul analysis in lab. Graphic display, II: charts of (ING).

readings: Required. Wallgren et al. 1996, Chs. 6-8, 11, 13.


Week 20, Mar 25 Class presentations of research projects.

assignment: Final research report [due first Friday of term 3].



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