CHUKCHEE

TABLE OF CONTENTS

For links to the chapters themselves go to the table at the bottom of this page. For links to the listing of the contents of each chapter click here:


Chapter 1

Chapter 2

Chapter 3

Chapter 4

Chapter 5

Chapter 6

Chapter 7

Chapter 8

Chapter 9

Chapter 10

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CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION

1 Chukchee language and people

2 Survey of grammatical properties

2.1Phonology

2.2Morphology

2.3Syntax

2.4Lexical semantics

3 Note on transcription

4 Links to other sites with information about the Chukchee and related peoples

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CHAPTER 2: PHONOLOGY

1. Phoneme inventory

2. Epenthesis

2.1 Surface phonotactics:

2.2 Chukchee syllable structure

3. Consonant alternations

3.1 Consonant harmony

3.2 Contact assimilations

3.2.1 Regressive assimilation of nasality

3.2.2 Regressive labial assimilation

3.2.3 Regressive velar to uvular assimilation

3.2.4 Alternations with alveolars - regressive assimilations

3.2.5 Regressive place assimilations affecting velar nasals

3.3 Contact dissimilations

3.3.1 Dissimilations of repeated alveolars

3.3.2 Dissimilations of velars and palatals

3.3.3 Denasalization

3.3.4 Delabialization

3.4 Metathesis

3.5 Consonant truncation

3.5.1 Causative r-

4. Vowel alternations

4.1 Vowel harmony

4.2 Vowel reduction

4.3 Final vowel truncation

4.4 Vowel cluster simplification

5. Stress

5.1 Basic pattern

5.2 Stress shift

6. Some postlexical alternations

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CHAPTER 3: NOUN INFLECTION, ADJECTIVES AND THE NOMINAL PHRASE

1. Noun inflection

1.1 Introduction

1.2 Case and number

1.2.1 Declensions

1.2.2 Morphophonemics

1.2.3 Examples of cases

1.3 Person agreement

2. Postpositions

3. Adjectives, possessives, relational forms

3.1 Adjectives

3.1.1 Formation and use

3.1.2 Incorporation

3.1.3 Degrees of comparison

3.2 Possessive forms of nouns

3.3 Relational adjectives

4. Numerals

4.1 Cardinals

4.2 Distributive

4.3 Ordinals

5. Determiners

6. Modifier Incorporation

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CHAPTER 4: VERB INFLECTION (Finite conjugation)

1. Introduction

1.1 Summary of verbal categories

2. Finite conjugation

2.1 Intransitives

2.1.1 Declarative mood

2.1.2 Imperative

2.1.3 Conditional

2.2 Transitives

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CHAPTER 5 TRANSITIVITY AND TRANSITIVITY ALTERNATIONS

1. The ergative construction (Active voice)

2. Degrees of ergativity

2.1 Ergative syntax

2.2 ‘Mixed’ ergative or accusative

2.3 Accusative syntax

3. Antipassive voice

4. Noun incorporation

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Direct object incorporation

4.3 Incorporation of non-object complements

4.4 Incorporation of unaccusative subjects

4.5 Transitivity alternations with incorporation

4.6 Incorporation of adjuncts

4.6.1 Incorporation of noun roots

4.6.2 Incorporation of adverbial/adjectival roots

4.6.3 Incorporation of verb roots

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CHAPTER 6: FURTHER TRANSITIVITY ALTERNATIONS

1. Lexical alternations - Causatives and other transitivity alternations

2. ‘Agreement climbing’

3. Other transitivity alternations with incorporation

3.1 NI feeds ‘Dative Shift’

3.2 Transitivization after antipassive or NI

4. Analytical causatives

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CHAPTER 7: VERB MORPHOLOGY (non-finite forms)

1. Participles

1.1 Present participle

1.1.1 intransitive verbs

2. Gerunds and infinitives

2.1 Gerunds

2.2 Other non-finite forms: supine and infinitive.

2.3 Other (intermediate) non-finite forms with modal nuances.

2.4 Constructions with ‘true’ auxiliaries

3. Action Nominalizations

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CHAPTER 8: ANALYTIC CONSTRUCTIONS

1. Negation

1.1 With nouns

1.2 Clause negation strategies

2. Auxiliaries and light verbs

2.1 General comments

2.2 Use of light verbs (‘special’ auxiliaries)

2.2.1 With adverbial elements

2.2.2 With negative form of noun (‘privative case’)

2.3 Analytic constructions with ‘general (‘true’) auxiliaries’ ityk, rytyk

2.3.1 With gerunds: aspectual nuances of contrast or exclusiveness.

2.3.2 Causative with -jgut form

2.3.3 Negation

2.4 Summary of auxiliaries in analytic constructions

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CHAPTER 9: VERB DERIVATION

1. Introduction

2. Deverbal verb formation

2.1 Transitive/causative r-

2.2 Detransitivizing affixes

2.3 Other suffixal derivations

2.4 Other prefixes

3. Denominal derivation

3.1 Derivation from Nouns

3.1.1 Specific affixes

3.2 Predominantly deadjectival derivation

3.3 Derivation from numerals

4. Aktionsarten

4.1 Basic types

4.1.1 Combinatorial possibilities with Aktionsart affixes

4.2 Related verb forms

4.2.1 Combinatorial possibilities

5. Summary of affixes

5.1 Denominal

5.2 From numerals

5.3 Aktionsarten

5.4 Related verb forms

6. Concluding remarks

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CHAPTER TEN: Noun derivation

1. Introduction

1.1 Limitative form

1.2 Quantifiers

1.3 Evaluatives etc.

1.3.1 Augmentative

1.3.2 Augmentative pejorative

1.3.3 Diminutive

1.3.4 Derivatives of evaluatives

2. Denominal derivation

2.1 Suffixes

2.2 Prefixes

3. Deverbal nominals

4. Noun formation from multiple categories of base

5. Compounding

6. Conversion

7. Summary of noun affixation

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chapter 1

chapter 2

chapter 3

chapter 4

chapter 5

chapter 6

chapter 7

chapter 8

chapter 9

chapter 10

 

Chukchee homepage

Andrew Spencer’s homepage

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This page created on 11 July 1999.

Last modified 16 July 1999.