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LONDON MAYORALTY CANDIDATE SELECTION 2000-2016

 

London Labour Party
London Conservative Party
London Liberal Democrats

 

London Labour Party 2000-2016

2000 mayoral contest     20 February 2000        
Electoral college (1/3-1/3-1/3) Elected members % Individual members % Affiliates % Total %      
First count              
Frank Dobson 86.5 35.3 26.9 49.6      
Ken Livingstone 12.2 54.9 71.0 46.0      
Glenda Jackson 1.4 9.8 2.1 4.4      
               
Second count              
Frank Dobson 86.5 40.1 28.0 51.5      
Ken Livingstone 13.5 59.9 72.0 48.5      

 

2004 mayoral contest   6 November 2002      
Electoral college (50:50) Individual members % Affiliates % Total %    
First count          
Nicky Gavron 46.2 48.4 47.3    
Tony Banks 45.7 33.5 39.8    
Bob Shannon 8.1 18.0 12.9    
           
Second count          
Nicky Gavron 50.4 57.7 54.0    
Tony Banks 49.6 42.3 46.0    
           
           
           
2004 mayoral contest   2 February 2004      
Electoral college (50:50) - re-run Individual members % Affiliates % Total %    
Ken Livingstone - Yes 87.7 100.0 93.9    
Ken Livingstone - No 12.3 0.0 6.1    
           
           
           
2008 mayoral contest   3 May 2007      
Ken Livingstone Incumbent mayor: endorsed as candidate after membership consultation    
           
           
           
2012 mayoral contest   24 September 2010  
Electoral college (50:50) Individual members % Affiliates % Total %
Ken Livingstone 66.0 71.2 68.6
Oona King 34.0 28.8 31.4

 

2016 mayoral contest 10 September 2015  
Full members Affiliated supporters Registered supporters Total
All-member ballot Votes % Votes % Votes % Votes %
First count                
Sadiq Khan 17,518 33.8 4,331 44.1 11,077 42.1 32,926 37.5
Tessa Jowell 19,324 37.3 2,355 24.0 4,442 16.9 26,121 29.7
Diane Abbott 6,890 13.3 1,692 17.2 6,216 23.6 14,798 16.8
David Lammy 5,191 10.0 746 7.6 2,318 8.8 8,255 9.4
Christian Wolmar 2,195 4.2 537 5.5 1,997 7.6 4,729 5.4
Gareth Thomas 650 1.3 164 1.7 241 0.9 1,055 1.2
Total 51,768 100.0 9,825 100.0 26,291 100.0 87,884 100.0
                 
Second count                
Sadiq Khan 17,665 34.2 4,355 44.4 11,121 42.4 33,141 37.8
Tessa Jowell 19,535 37.8 2,394 24.4 4,477 17.1 26,406 30.1
Diane Abbott 6,943 13.4 1,710 17.4 6,238 23.8 14,891 17.0
David Lammy 5,279 10.2 760 7.8 2,353 9.0 8,392 9.6
Christian Wolmar 2,288 4.4 582 5.9 2,057 7.8 4,927 5.6
Total 51,710 100.0 9,801 100.0 26,246 100.0 87,757 100.0
Non-transferable 58   24   45   127  
                 
Third count                
Sadiq Khan 18,433 35.8 4,545 46.8  11,835 45.6 34,813 40.0
Tessa Jowell 20,064 39.0 2,498 25.7  4,710 18.1 27,272 31.3
Diane Abbott 7,323 14.2 1,818 18.7  6,737 26.0 15,878 18.2
David Lammy 5,632 10.9 844 8.7  2,671 10.3 9,147 10.5
Total 51,452 100.0 9,705 100.0 25,953 100.0 87,110 100.0
Non-transferable 316 120 338 774
                 
Fourth count                
Sadiq Khan 20,628 40.5 4,868 50.7  12,944 50.7 38,440 44.7
Tessa Jowell 21,851 43.0 2,697 28.1  5,237 20.5 29,785 34.6
Diane Abbott 8,396 16.5 2,043 21.3  7,345 28.8 17,784 20.7
Total 50,875 100.0 9,608 100.0  25,526 100.0 86,009 100.0
Non-transferable 893   217   765   1,875  
                 
Fifth count                
Sadiq Khan 24,983 51.0 5,990 65.2 17,179 73.0 48,152 58.9
Tessa Jowell 24,019 49.0 3,203 34.8 6,351 27.0 33,573 41.1
Total 49,002 100.0 9,193 100.0 23,530 100.0 81,725 100.0
Non-transferable 2,766   632   2,761   6,159  
                 
                 

Notes:
Alternative-vote system
Dates refer to the dates on which candidate election results were announced (not always in the same year as the corresponding mayoral election)
2000: Elected members section consisted of 75 London Labour MPs, MEPs and GLA candidates, votes publicly recorded; individual members section entailed postal ballot of London Labour Party members, turnout 73%; affiliates not obliged to ballot members, block votes cast. After losing election, Livingstone ran for mayoralty as an independent and won
2004: Postal ballot of London Labour Party members. Members of affiliates were balloted. Gavron announced she would step aside for Livingstone, who was readmitted to the Labour Party in January 2004 after passing a ‘loyalty test’. A ballot asked London Labour Party members and affiliates to answer yes or no to whether they wanted Livingstone as the candidate. Affiliates turnout: 85.2%; members turnout: 45.8%
2012: The results are based on the BBC source listed below but that source erroneously reported Livingstone’s total vote share as 68.8%. Other press sources reported a figure of 68.6% and this figure is what the BBC results for the individual members and affiliates sections should result in.
2016: One member-one vote system used, consisting of individual party members in London CLPs, affiliated supporters and registered supporters paying a £3 fee. Each candidate required the nominations of five London's 73 CLPs, each of which could make two nominations. Total nominations: Jowell 63, Khan 42, Lammy 15, Abbott 8, Thomas 6, Wolmar 6.


† The official result of the first count, as reported in the press (e.g. Guardian, 7 November 2002; and Local Government Chronicle, 6 November 2002), gave Gavron a total vote share of 46.28%, to Banks's 38.91% and Shannon's 12.67%, with 2.13% unaccounted for. Double this gap was evident in the affiliates section (worth 50% of the total vote), where the official result gave Gavron 46.38%, Banks 32.08% and Shannon 17.28%, with the remaining 4.25% unaccounted for. In the second count, the official results gave Gavron a total vote share of 52.19% to Banks’s 44.65%, with the remaining 3.16% unaccounted for. Again, double this gap was evident in the affiliates section, where the official result gave Gavron 54.02% and Banks 39.66%. I have assumed that the missing 2.13% in the first count overall total and the missing 3.16% in the second count overall total were abstentions by affiliates. The figures for the affiliates section and the total vote shares in the table have therefore been recalculated to exclude these presumed abstentions and so the figures now sum to 100%. There were no such discrepancies in the individual members section.

Sources: ‘How the electoral college votes added up’, Guardian, 21 February 2000; K. Alderman, ‘Stranger than Fiction? The Selection of the Conservative and Labour London Mayoral Candidates’, Parliamentary Affairs, 53:4 (2000): 737-52; ‘Nicky Gavron is Labour’s candidate for London mayor’, Local Government Chronicle, 6 November 2002; H. Muir, ‘Livingstone completes return to Labour fold’, Guardian, 3 February 2004; ‘Labour back Ken for third mayoral term’, Local Government Chronicle, 3 May 2007; BBC, ‘Ken Livingstone wins Labour nomination for London mayor’, BBC News, 24 September 2010; London Labour, 'Just Announced: Sadiq Khan is the Labour Candidate for Mayor of London in 2016, 10 September 2015, available at http://www.labourinlondon.org.uk/just_announced_sadiq_khan_is_the_labour_candidate_for_mayor_of_london_in_2016.

 

 

London Conservative Party 2000-2016

2000 mayoral contest 1 October 1999
All-member ballot Votes %
Jeffrey Archer 15,716 71.2
Steven Norris 6,350 28.8
Turnout: 58%    
     
     
     
2000 mayoral contest 17 January 2000
All-member ballot (re-run) Votes %
Steven Norris 12,903 73.3
Andrew Boff 4,712 26.7
Turnout: 47%    
     
     
     
2004 mayoral contest 16 February 2003
All-member ballot Votes %
Steven Norris 12,161 77.0
Roger Evans 3,637 23.0
     
     
     
2008 mayoral contest 27 September 2007
Open primary Votes %
Boris Johnson 15,661 79.0
Victoria Borthwick 1,869 9.4
Andrew Boff 1,674 8.4
Warwick Lightfoot 609 3.1
     
     
     
2012 mayoral contest 14 October 2010
Boris Johnson Incumbent mayor: endorsed as candidate after party meeting
   
   
   
2016 mayoral contest 2 October 2015
Open primary Votes %
Zac Goldsmith 6,514 70.6
Syed Kamall 1,477 16.0
Stephen Greenhalgh 864 9.4
Andrew Boff 372 4.0
   

 

Notes:
Dates refer to the dates on which Conservative Party ballot results were announced. These were in the year before the corresponding mayoral election, except the re-run ballot in 2000
2000: Contest re-run following withdrawal of Archer after allegations of (and subsequent conviction for) perjury
2000-2004: Postal ballots of London Conservative Party members
2004: no turnout figure available
2008: Open primary open to all London voters on electoral roll – voters had to register to vote at a charge of £1.50.
2016: Open primary open to all London voters on electoral roll – voters had to register to vote at a charge of £1.00.

Sources: K. Alderman, ‘Stranger than Fiction? The Selection of the Conservative and Labour London Mayoral Candidates’, Parliamentary Affairs, 53:4 (2000): 737-52, pp. 740, 744; C. McDonald, ‘Norris chosen as mayoral candidate’, Times, 17 February 2003; P. Webster, ‘King Newt’s time is up, Boris tells Londoners’, Times, 28 September 2007; P. Waugh, ‘Lib-Dem failure to find candidate puts party out of mayoral race for year’, Evening Standard, 15 October 2010; BBC, 'Zac Goldsmith chosen as Conservative London mayoral candidate', BBC News, 2 October 2015.

 

 

London Liberal Democrats 2000-2016

2000 mayoral contest        
All-member ballot Votes %    
Susan Kramer n/a 62    
Mike Tuffrey n/a n/a    
Donnachadh McCarthy n/a n/a    
Keith Kerr n/a n/a    
         
         
         
2004 mayoral contest 5 March 2003    
All-member ballot Votes %    
Simon Hughes 3,168 62.2    
Susan Kramer 1,762 34.6    
Donnachadh McCarthy 163 3.2    
         
         
         
2008 mayoral contest 13 November 2007    
All-member ballot Votes %    
Brian Paddick 2,431 73.4    
Chamali Fernando 622 18.8    
Fiyaz Mughal 260 7.8    
Turnout: 51.1%        
         
         
         
2012 mayoral contest   2 September 2011  
All-member ballot First count   Second count  
  Votes % Votes %
Brian Paddick 1,289 41.7 1,567 51.5
Mike Tuffrey 1,232 39.9 1,476 48.5
Brian Haley 316 10.2 - -
Lembit Opik 252 8.2 - -
Non-transferable - - 46 (1.5)
         
         
         
2016 mayoral contest        
All-member ballot        
Caroline Pidgeon Endorsed as candidate after only other short-listed candidate withdrew

 

Note: Postal ballots using alternative-vote system.

Sources: A. Woodcock, ‘Lib Dems pick Simon Hughes for mayor contest’, Press Association, 5 March 2003; David Allworthy, Liberal Democrat HQ (private communication), 20 February 2012; Mark Pack, ‘London mayor selection: full results’, 2 September 2011, available at <http://www.markpack.org.uk/23755/london-mayor-selection-full-results/>; ITV News, 'Close friend of murdered teenager Stephen Lawrence pulls out of the race to be London's next mayor', available at www.itv.com/news/london/2015-08-19/close-friend-of-murdered-teenager-stephen-lawrence-pulls-out-of-the-race-to-be-londons-next-mayor.


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